A Hazard and Operability (HAZOP) study is a structured and systematic examination of a process or operation to identify and evaluate problems that may represent risks to personnel or equipment, or environment.


HAZID study must be carried out during the early stages of a venture and is therefore, the first HSE-related study for any new project. The technique is used for early identification of potential hazards and threats and can be either Conceptual or Detailed. The major benefit of HAZID is that early identification and assessment of the critical HSE hazards provide essential input to project development decisions. This will lead to safer and more cost-effective design options being adopted with a minimum cost of change penalty.


Safety and Operability (SAFOP) Study is the series of technical audits and examinations of high voltage generation, transmission and distribution of electrical systems for assessing the potential of hazard, estimating the operation of a system, identifying the malfunction of individual components, operator error etc., The study is performed to provide a framework for searching and systematic examination of engineering design in terms of effective operation and safety of personnel.

CHAZOP / CyberHaz

This unique technique is used to determine the risk level of a plant’s Control System or Safety System. Most modern plants use computer-based control systems such as Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC), Distributed Control Systems (DCS), Safety Instrumented Systems (SIS), and Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition Systems (SCADA). A complete risk assessment study such as a HAZOP should also include these systems. But many times, they are excluded, due to a false assumption that these systems rarely fail. However, they must also be included in the HAZOP and this kind of HAZOP is referred to as a CHAZOP.


SIMOPS study addresses the hazards arising out of simultaneous operations. The studies are made through workshops, meetings with stakeholders, review of documents, site surveys etc.

Bow Tie Analysis

Bow Tie analysis a combination of Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) and Event Tree Analysis (ETA). Fault Tree Analysis (FTA) is the identification of events that may lead to accident, and Event Tree Analysis (ETA) is the analysis of event sequences from initiating events to accident scenarios.


The main objective of the Escape, Evacuation and Rescue Analysis (EERA) is to ensure that the facilities have the highest level of safety during an emergency in a very quick, reasonable and feasible way. This is a widely used tool in design of offshore platforms in which an emergency situation requires that the measures of evacuation and rescue are perfectly designed and analyzed as it is critical to ensure that people who live in there do not suffer major losses or consequences.


Hazard Identification Risk Assessment (HIRA) study is carried out to provide a systematic and objective approach for assessing hazards and their associated risks, for providing an objective measure of identified hazard and a method to control the risk.

The scope of HIRA is as follows

  • Identify all the factors that may cause harm to employees and others (the hazards)
  • Consider the probability of incidents and assessing their severity that could come from it (the risks)
  • Identify the existing safeguards and controls
  • Assess the risks and ensure they are within acceptable limits


Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) is a systematic study conducted to determine the type and level of effects an existing facility is having, or a proposed project would have, on its natural environment.
It includes assistance with planning and permitting applications (IPPC, etc), baseline surveys, expert witness, feasibility studies, impact assessment (including air/water/soil quality, archaeological, biological, ecological, geotechnical, heritage, hydro-geological, landscape, noise and vibration, public health, odour and dust, social/cultural, visual, wildlife), master-planning, mitigation measures (identification, evaluation and monitoring), preliminary scoping and screening, preparation/review of environmental statement (ES), project management, stakeholder communications, engagement and public consultation, and strategic environmental assessment (SEA) which includes sustainable construction, sustainability assessments, appraisals and statements

Noise Mapping Study

A detailed noise study includes noise modeling which enables our engineers to recommend custom mitigation strategies to meet the acoustical requirements of the project.

Our process is flexible and can be adapted to multiple industries and tailored to each client’s individual needs.

Our Methodology:

Step 1: Data Collection: Monitoring and identifying the source of noise

Step 2: Measure baseline noise level and noise modelling

Step 3: Analysis and Report findings.

Step 4: Recommend mitigation options and plan of action based on client requirement

Step 5: Follow up services (if required)- Verification of results and compliance after installation of mitigation system by preferred vendors.

Identifying the source of the sound is the first step in the process of noise mitigation.The most common significant noise sources in industries include Compressors, Turbines, Boilers and steam recovery systems, Turbo gas chimneys, Air coolers, Pumps and Electrical motors etc.

Modelling is usually developed through proper predictive noise propagation software.The modelling output will be noise level contours depicting the noise levels within the plant and surroundings of the plant boundary. As per client’s request each scenario would be taken separately and assessed for the contribution level based on the contribution to the free-field environment or open atmosphere conditions.

The report shall include vendor confirmed data on the equipment and also include the summary of the completed design stage, specified limits, supplier’s noise data, and noise control measures adopted, restricted area and outstanding areas if applicable.

After environmental noise studies are completed and presented, a wide range of design and mitigation options are available.  Solutions are customized to each individual project.There are many different noise mitigation systems to be considered. iFluids works carefully with client teams to determine the optimum, cost-effective solution for each project. Ourfollow-up services include post-installation testing to verify noise mitigation results and code compliance as necessary.

Inputs required from client:

  • General Plot plan – in DXF format or AutoCAD Format
  • Buildings dimensions with elevation
  • Equipment list – preferably in excel with size
  • Vendor specifications for significant noise generating equipment
  • Technical drawings of the equipment (general arrangement or assembly)
  • Type of Operation of noise sources (if continuous or intermittent)
  • Mechanical Datasheet
  • Vendor Noise Data
  • Metrological Data
  • Existing Noise report data (if available)

Our deliverables:

  • Noise level measurement at pre agreed time intervals and locations on plant boundary.
  • Final Report including iso-noise contours (isopleths) on the Plot Plan showing the predicted noise levels at predefined time intervals andelevations above ground level.


The Construction Environmental Management Plan (CEMP) provides a complete framework within which all environmental obligations must be met during construction such that the adverse impacts can be avoided. CEMP covers all aspects the environmental management of a project and addresses all the significant impacts that can arise during the construction phase.


Hazard and Environmental aspects Identification is an essential step in designing the facility.
The ENVID review enables to identify environmental aspects that come about due to interaction between the facility and its surroundings to avoid and mitigate their potential impacts.


The International Organization of Standardization (ISO) defines an environmental management system as “part of the management system used to manage environmental aspects, fulfil compliance obligations, and address risks and opportunities.” Environmental management system (EMS) provides a framework that an organization can follow, rather than establishing environmental performance requirements.


QRA study determines the risks to personnel working in the facility. The study comprises of a number of distinct tasks as follows:

  • Collection of data and review of project documents
  • Identifying potential hazards through HAZID reports
  • Developing QRA methodology and assumptions report
  • Assessment of consequences including development of incident scenarios using Event Tree Analysis (ETA)
  • Failure frequency analysis
  • Risk evaluation and integration
  • ALARP demonstration
  • Provision of Risk Reduction Measures (RRMs)
  • Preparation of QRA report for project scope


SIL is defined as the relative level of risk reduction provided by a safety function. In simple words, SIL is the reliability in terms of performance of a safety instrumented system (SIS). The SIL review takes into account the consequence to the people / environment / asset Involved, frequency and exposure to the risk, the possibility of avoiding the accident and finally the probability of the event occurring.


Layers Of Protection Analysis (LOPA) is a powerful analytical tool for assessing the adequacy of protection layers used to mitigate process risk. LOPA adopts common and proven process hazards analysis techniques, by applying semi-quantitative measures to the evaluation of the frequency of potential incidents and assesses the probability of failure of protection layers. LOPA is a simple tool that identifies the safety measures to be taken into account for risk assessment and risk reduction.

F&G Mapping

Fire and Gas (F&G) detection is an essential part of the mitigation system in facilities handling and storing inflammable and toxic materials. While detector reliability might be very high, safety performance of an F&G system strongly depends on layout and coverage.

F&G detector mapping using Dispersion Modelling is a scientific way of locating the detectors adopted by major companies. It helps in identifying the leakage at an early stage, and acts as an optimization tool to fix up the quantity of the detector.

Warehouse Safety

Warehouse safety is perhaps one of the most underestimated topics when it comes to Industrial safety practices. If not taken seriously it may reflect as high employee turnover, underperforming staff due to injuries and illnesses, lost working days, legal issues, and, at worst, fatalities. Many employers and workers don’t even realize the health and safety hazards that exist in warehouses around the world. Some of them include Heavy Equipment and Materials, Slips, Trips and Fall, Fire accidents, Hazardous Substances, Ergonomics, Moving parts and Falling Objects, Lack of training and techniques.

OSHA issues many publications on safety issues in a warehouse and the solutions that can be adopted by businesses to reduce accidents and minimize injury. The list below is their top 10 areas for which they issue citations

  • Forklifts
  • Hazard communication
  • Electrical wiring methods
  • Electrical system design
  • Guarding floor & wall openings and holes
  • Exits
  • Mechanical power transmission
  • Respiratory protection
  • Lockout/Tag out
  • Portable fire extinguishers

Warehouse Safety Solutions


  • Identify the risks associated with the key operations of the Warehouse
  • Identify all those hazards which may impede the safe working of employees
  • Understand the current risk control measures
  • Identify gaps in current control measures with respect to national / international standards
  • Suggest suitable risk control / mitigation measures for improvement

Scope of work

  • Building Safety (Location and layout, Accessibility, Neighboring hazards, Building stability, Natural hazards)
  • Storage and material handling practices (Review of safety storage practices, Aisle space adequacy, Work injury prevention, Cylinder storage and handling practices)
  • Fire prevention and protection (Identification of fire hazards, review of fire prevention practices and fire protection practices)
  • Loading and Unloading practices
  • Statutory Compliances (Licenses, Shops and Establishment license, Contract labour license, Child labour Agreements for Godown and C&FA.)
  • Emergency preparedness (Review of Emergency Management plant, Emergency escape routes, lighting, signage, First-aid facilities and equipment.)
  • Electrical installations (Identification of electrical hazards, review of electrical maintenance system and practices, Review of earthing system, Lightning protection system, Statutory compliance verification.)
  • Security system (Review of existing security system, Intruder Alarm system, CCTV monitoring, Training and selection of security guards, equipment with security guards.)
  • Housekeeping and Illumination

Benefits of working with iFluids

  • Risk Ranking of Warehouse (multi-location warehouses).
  • Bench marking of the warehouse based on International Practices.
  • Hand holding / PMC – Risk Mitigation Activity
  • E.P.C (Turnkey) – Risk Mitigation Activity

Need to talk with experts?
Drop us your details