Passive fire Protection is an important component in preventing fire accidents due to its escalation effects on industries and buildings. Passive Fire Protection Analysis is a systematic approach to defining the passive fire protection requirement for an equipment, structure, or building.
Objective of Passive Fire Protection Analysis
- To estimate the optimized amount of effective PFP for preventing escalation of fire.
- To minimize the risk for people, equipment, structure and building.
Why Passive Fire Protection Analysis
PFP analysis is an important study to design and maintain a fire safe facility. In the passive fire safety analysis, fire hazards are identified, worst case scenarios and their impact are evaluated using modeling tools, and passive fire protection requirements are determined for the facilities based on their unique needs in line with the recommended guidelines.
Approach for the PFP Analysis
- First and Preliminary step is the identification of Fire hazards, and evaluating its potential and its location.
- Fire Consequence Modeling and Escalation Analysis.
- Defining a design basis inline with the Prescriptive guideline for providing PFP.
- Identification of System Which requires PFP.
- Deciding on Passive Fire Protection Requirements such as Fire Rating and Duration.
Prescriptive guidelines referred for the study
- API publication 2218, Fireproofing Practices in Petroleum and Petrochemical processing plants.
- API recommended practice 2001, Fire Protection in Refineries.
- NFPA 30 Standard, Flammable and Combustible liquids code 2012.
- CCPS Guidelines for Fire Protection in chemical, Petrochemical and Hydrocarbon Processing facilities.
Passive Fire Protection Analysis report provides a list of the system/component of the facility which requires PFP and it also provides the optimized passive fire protection requirement for the listed system/component of the facility.