Electrical Studies

SAFOP / e-HAZOP

A series of electrical safety studies can be done during various phases of a major project being engineered to design, install and operate high voltage generation, transmission and distribution electrical installation. These studies are collectively designated as a ‘Safety and Operability (SAFOP) Study‘ also known as e-HAZOP and are internationally established for use in the petrochemical industry.

Three completely different types of studies are necessary to fully meet objectives of a complete SAFOP study and these can be summarized as follows.

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Safety Analysis (SAFAN): A SAFAN examines hazards always present in construction, commissioning and operation of high voltage electrical installations and considers them in relation to safety of personnel who are to operate, work or even be in the vicinity of overhead lines and substations being engineered under a project.

Security and Operability Analysis (SYSOP): A SYSOP reviews briefly standards of overall network design and assesses security of supply provided to different user groups fed from high voltage systems. It examines main items of plant and their auxiliaries planned to be installed and consider any limitations found and their effect on system operability.

Operator Task Analysis (OPTAN): An OPTAN looks at probable tasks to be undertaken by both control room and field operators during normal and abnormal conditions. It assesses usability of equipment to be provided and reviews instructions necessary to prevent human error as far as is reasonably economic and practicable.

Lighting Illumination Survey / Assessment

iFluids can carry out a detailed lighting assessment and carefully examine the lighting condition in the work environment. It serves to identify the potential hazards arising from the work activity under the current lighting condition in the workplace, such as insufficient illumination, excessive contrast, glare or flicker; decide who may be harmed; and evaluate the risks and decide whether improvement measures are needed to protect the employees, including but not limited to the lighting provision. “Illuminance” is a common parameter to be measured in a lighting assessment. It refers to the amount of lightfalling on a unit area of the work surface and its measurement unit is “lux (lx)”. It is used to evaluate the adequacy of lighting for seeing an object. Illuminance is measured by a luxmeter, which is a handy instrument with a sensor and the measured illuminance is directly displayed in lux (lx).

Lightning Protection Risk Assessment:

The purpose of a lightning protection system is to protect buildings from direct lightning strikes and possible fire, or from the consequences of the load-independent active lightning current (non-igniting flash of lightning).

Lightning Risk Assessment Study is the measure of risk of a lightning strike and probability of damages.

iFluids Engineering will carry out the lightening risks to the facility per international standards requirements. These calculations are according to IEC Standard 62305-2 (EN 62305-3).